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Agasthyavanam Biological Park
Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve (100% centrally sponsored Scheme)
Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve (ABR) was notified on 12th November 2001 under UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere Programme. The ABR falls exclusively in Kerala covering an area of 1701 sq.km. The forest tracts of Neyyar, Peppara, Shendumey wildlife Sancturias and Achencoil, Thenmala, Konni, Punalur, Thiruvananthapuram Divisions and Agasthyavanam Specila Division is included in ABR.
For the co-ordination of the activities of various departments in the B.R area and for ensuring the scientific management of the B R a local committee and a state level Biosphere Management Committee are also constituted as per GOI guidelines.
1. 1281 ha.of area has been evicted from Mathikettan Shola and it has been declared as a National Park.
2. Including Agasthyamala 1701 sq.km. area declared as Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve.
The Agasthyavanam Project
In 1992, the Government of Kerala constituted a scientific committee to study the feasibility of setting up a Biological park in the
highly degraded forest area of Kottur. The committee suggested that the ultimate objective of the endeavor should be to
regenerate, conserve and propagate selected wild flora and fauna. The area earmarked had negligible tree and animal population
though it had abundant water resources. The soil was found fertile and the climate salubrious. The flora and fauna, which had
existed here, should have been the representatives of Western Ghats.The Kottur Reserve forests lie in the Paruthipalli range of
Trivandrum forest division. It lies on the western slopes of the Western Ghats, at the south-east corner in Nedumangad taluk.
It is contiguous with the Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary in the southwest borders and the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary in the northeast.
The highly degraded nature of this area was the reason for not including it in any of the sanctuaries.
The total estimated area of the park is 23 sq.km. Of this 17.5 sq.km is to be converted to thick jungle and the rest is for
manipulative programmes of conservation. Conservatories will be established for a variety of plant species and for the
reintroduction, production, breeding and propagation of wild animals and birds. Inspite of the good rainfall received, the quick
drainage of water from the area to the Arabian Sea leaves the place barren for six months. Small check dams, if built, can retain
water in small ponds and preserve the humidity and moisture and promote vegetation growth in the dry season. Thus the
Agasthyavanam Project, in short, aims at ecotourism, afforestation and conservation.
Objectives of the Project:
1. Regeneration and eco-restoration of the degraded forest of Kottur Reserve.
2. Scientific conservation of the existing flora and fauna.
3. To create maximum biodiversity by reintroducing the extinct endemic species.
4. To achieve maximum sustainable utilization of water and soil.
5. To facilitate documentation of flora and fauna.
6. To encourage research and eco-tourism
The administrative responsibility of this park lies with the Wildlife Warden, Trivandrum. The airport and railway station at
Trivandrum are very close to the Reserve. Bus route extends only till Bonakkadu, making a 35 kms walk unavoidable to reach
the park. A maximum of 50 persons per day is allowed into the park. Visitors are issued an entry pass from the Trivandrum
Wildlife Division against payment of Rs 50. It is better to halt at Athiramal, as there are no facilities for accommodation near
For further details contact
Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife),
Trivandrum 695 014.
Phone : 0471 322217
Chief Conservator (Agasthyavanam)